Ed.: We now begin week 2 of the Blog Every Weekday for a Month challenge. Still going!
I’ve written a lot about specifications grading and the shortcomings of the traditional letter/point based system we all know and “love”. But I haven’t gone to the other end of the spectrum and speculated on what kind of grading system I would have, if I had control over everything.
I should first point out that specs grading is not my dream system. I consider specs grading to be a major step in the right direction toward making assessment of student work a meaningful, informative, and humane process that does not become an end in itself, like traditional grading has clearly done. But it’s only a step, albeit a big one. There are still trappings of traditional grading that hang on: the presence of letter grades being the foremost, and the need to map student performance onto a letter grade that typically involves convoluted rubrics that confuse more than enlighten.
If higher ed wants to change the way it thinks about evaluating student work, I think traditional grading has so much baggage that anything that is reminiscent of it has to be thrown out. We need to gut and remodel the whole thing.
So here’s what I would do.
First, courses would be designed around learning outcomes that are appropriate for the subject and level of the course. Faculty (or departments) would establish those outcomes as well as design assignments for obtaining the evidence that those outcomes have been met. As students work through the course, they complete these assignments, and submit these assignments to the professor, whose job it is to evaluate the quality of the work and indicate whether the work is acceptable relative to a set of professional standards that the prof has set up in advance. If the work is not at an acceptable level, students would have the opportunity to revise their work.
So far this sounds like specs grading. Here’s where it begins to diverge.
None of the work that the students submit would be “graded” in the sense of earning marks. The students’ work is not marked Pass or No Pass, A or B or C – it is not marked at all. The student does the work and submits it; the professor reviews it and gives evaluation and feedback (but not grades). Then the student revises and resubmits if the student chooses. But revision would not be required, because there are no marks – the student wouldn’t be revising to “raise his grade” because, what grade? The student would revise in order to improve the quality of the product, and they only do that if they feel like it’s a good idea.
So if there are no grades in this “grading” system, then what is the outcome of the course? My idea is an electronic portfolio that consists of the following things:
This portfolio – consisting of the student’s assembled coursework plus the professor letter plus the student rebuttal if needed – would be archived on a university server and made available, in perpetuity, to the general public using a password-protected information system. The student would hold the password. Actually, the student would have an entire website with branches off to every course they’ve taken where the portfolios would be housed. In this way, the student has access forever to her coursework and letters of evaluation, and she could give this information out to any person or organization she chose – or publicize it on a website or LinkedIn profile.
That’s the system. There are no points, marks, or letter grades. Just students doing work and engaging in an ongoing conversation with an expert about its quality, and then the student deciding which coursework best represents his or her learning in the course to the general public (because it’s basically being made public).
Here is what we gain and lose with this system:
Here are (some of) the objections:
Here are some of the things left out, that I will let you think about: How does a student earn a degree? By just completing courses (which would mean, having a portfolio completed)? Would a university let a student graduate with a degree if they did only the minimum? Is there a bare minimum of quantity or quality that we would want? What about transfer students – either into or out of the university? What about AP credit?